¿Por qué Rusia defiende la legalidad internacional?

Pregunta importante como ya dije aquí en relación a Putin y su carta a los americanos:

In answer to the United States and France’s openly stated intention of bombing Syria, Russian officials have constantly repeated the importance of not violating Chapter VII of the UN Charter, concerning acts of aggression. President Putin also mentioned this point inhis New York Times article:: “Under current international law, force is permitted only in self-defense or by the decision of the Security Council. Anything else is unacceptable under the United Nations Charter and would constitute an act of aggression.”

None of this should come as a surprise, since this was also Russia’s position with regard to the illegal bombing of Serbia by NATO in 1999, as well as the illegal invasion of Iraq by a coalition led by the US and the UK in 2003.

It seems clear, therefore, that upholding international law is a fundamental principle of Russian foreign policy. Such an unwavering and principled position would be admirable for a nation-state, were it not for the fact that Russia adopts this position not because of a high moral standard but out of necessity. There are two reasons for this.

On the one hand, Russia is one of only a handful of nations in the world to have a truly independent foreign policy. Apart from the United States, only China, India, Iran and Russia (and perhaps one or two others) are impervious to foreign pressure when acting on the international stage. This is certainly not the case of Western nations, as their timid and muted reactions even to the most egregious behaviour by the United States make clear (the Assange and the Snowden affairs are good recent indications of their subservience to Uncle Sam).

On the other hand, Russia cannot disregard international law; only the United States can do that. Russia therefore has an interest in convincing the USA (and its allies) to follow international law, according to the principle that a weak nation benefits more than a strong one when commonly agreed rules are followed by all. The strongest nation, currently the United States, is naturally always tempted to violate international law, simply because it can generally do so with impunity. This explains why the United States constantly feels constrained by the international law to which it is bound, and why it does not recognise the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.

También en Blasfemias:

No essencial, Putin aproveitou uma janela de oportunidade escancarada pelo desastrado presidente americano para voltar a colocar a Rússia como actor decisivo na geopolítica mundial, com foco especial no Médio Oriente e no Islão, donde estava afastada desde, pelo menos, a invasão soviética do Afeganistão. E a mensagem foi muito clara: a pax americana terminou, e o mundo conta novamente com a Rússia para equilibrar o xadrez mundial. A carta “escrita” por Putin é, de resto, uma peça admirável de mestria e de cinismo político, porque utiliza os valores que são caros aos EUA para os chamar à ordem e envergonhar o presidente americano.

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Putin sobre Siria en el New York Times

English: ХЬЮСТОН. Выступление в Университете Р...

English: ХЬЮСТОН. Выступление в Университете Райса. Русский: ХЬЮСТОН. Выступление в Университете Райса. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Una carta interesante, sobre todo por venir de quién viene y por el contraste que ello supone con la realidad política rusa de la que es directo responsable. Si realmente fuera tan humanista como la carta parece mostrar, determinadas decisiones nunca se hubieran tomado (por ejemplo, esa búsqueda de la condena del disidente, especialmente si puede tener poder: el último es Navalny):

“Syria is not witnessing a battle for democracy, but an armed conflict between government and opposition in a multireligious country. There are few champions of democracy in Syria. But there are more than enough Qaeda fighters and extremists of all stripes battling the government.”

“It is alarming that military intervention in internal conflicts in foreign countries has become commonplace for the United States. Is it in America’s long-term interest? I doubt it.”

“And I would rather disagree with a case he made on American exceptionalism, stating that the United States’ policy is “what makes America different. It’s what makes us exceptional.” It is extremely dangerous to encourage people to see themselves as exceptional, whatever the motivation. There are big countries and small countries, rich and poor, those with long democratic traditions and those still finding their way to democracy. Their policies differ, too. We are all different, but when we ask for the Lord’s blessings, we must not forget that God created us equal.

Gracias a Blasfémias.net.

Simplemente señalar que, si el Consejo de Seguridad es más parecido a un baile de verbena que a un foro serio donde discutir crisis internacionales, es porque, en lugar de apoyar a las personas que realmente están esas crisis, los países se apoyan unos a otros por sus variados intereses internacionales.

En O Insurgente hay un párrafo que profundiza en la dirección que señalé arriba:

Em jeito de conclusão: o Presidente Putin descobriu, numa notável peça retórica, que a utilidade das leis e do bom-senso internacionais podem servir os seus interesses. Nada contra este processo natural mas já me custa endeusar a criatura. É que já me chegam um Nobel da Paz como Arafat ou um outro como Obama.

Por último, los generales americanos han aumentado a tres días los necesarios para la intervención militar en Siria.

A Kerry no le quita el sueño que Putin piense que es un mentiroso

Congressional portrait with U.S. flag in the b...

Reuters:

“Secretary Kerry is, as you all know, a decorated combat veteran,” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said, referring to Kerry’s service during the Vietnam War. “He’s had … more than words aimed at him.

“So he’s not losing sleep after such a preposterous comment that was based on an inaccurate quote and was completely mischaracterized,” she added.

On Wednesday, Putin accused Kerry of lying about the militant group al Qaeda’s role in the Syrian conflict.

“They lie beautifully, of course. I saw debates in Congress. A congressman asks Mr Kerry: ‘Is al Qaeda there?’ He says: ‘No, I am telling you responsibly that it is not,'” Putin said at a meeting of his human rights council in the Kremlin.

“Al Qaeda units are the main military echelon, and they know this,” he said, referring to the United States. “It was unpleasant and surprising for me – we talk to them, we proceed from the assumption that they are decent people. But he is lying and knows he is lying. It’s sad.”

Aquí en español.

“No más sangre por gas”

Mapa de Siria

Mapa de Siria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Por un lado, Qatar quiere construir un megagaseoducto que pase por Siria para lo que necesita un régimen marioneta que le dé ese permiso. Por otro lado, Arabia Saudí quiere su propio régimen marioneta en Siria que le permita seguir controlando el mercado energético en la región. Y por otro lado, Rusia no quiere que ocurra ninguna de las dos cosas, de forma que Gazprom siga siendo la más importante proveedora de gas de Europa, mercado muy goloso para todos, a pesar de la crisis.

Así, que, señores de la ceja, del No a la Guerra, etc etc… ¿para cuándo el grito “no más sangre por gas“?

Arabia Saudita ofrece un pacto secreto a Rusia si no apoya a Siria

Bandar bin Sultan, Secretary-General of the Na...

Bandar bin Sultan, Secretary-General of the National Security Council of Saudi Arabia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Por supuesto, es un pacto sobre el petróleo saudí. Telegraph:

Leaked transcripts of a closed-door meeting between Russia’s Vladimir Putin and Saudi Prince Bandar bin Sultan shed an extraordinary light on the hard-nosed Realpolitik of the two sides.

Vladimir Putin - World Economic Forum Annual M...

Vladimir Putin – World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009 (Photo credit: World Economic Forum)

Prince Bandar, head of Saudi intelligence, allegedly confronted the Kremlin with a mix of inducements and threats in a bid to break the deadlock over Syria. “Let us examine how to put together a unified Russian-Saudi strategy on the subject of oil. The aim is to agree on the price of oil and production quantities that keep the price stable in global oil markets,” he said at the four-hour meeting with Mr Putin. They met at Mr Putin’s dacha outside Moscow three weeks ago.

Zapatero y su viaje por Rusia

El Presidente del Gobierno de España, Dº José ...

Image via Wikipedia

A Zapatero lo consideran Rey de España en Kazajistan, según una placa que recordará su viaje. Pero no sólo eso… resulta que Medvedev lo invitó a una cena romántica en la que sirvieron un menú sencillito:

ha comenzado con vieiras, ensalada con queso de cabra, fresas y ruibarbo y cangrejo de mar. Una velada a bordo del ‘Volga Volga’ donde también se ha incluido medallón de ternera con peras y foie y lubina con miso y ensalada, como platos principales, y queso mascarpone con puré de fresas, de postre.

¿Realmente este señor debe seguir siendo presidente del Gobierno para irse (en un momento como en el que estamos) a tomar vieiras a Rusia? Según él, va a “promocionar” a los empresarios españoles. Pero si no los cuida dentro, ¿cómo los va a promocionar fuera?

Según el Gobierno ruso, ha prevenido un ataque terrorista en el Cáucaso

Coat of arms of Kabardino-Balkaria.

Image via Wikipedia

El Gobierno ruso anunció la semana pasada que en la operación murieron 6 terroristas y 6 policías resultaron heridos. Al parecer, llevaban 10 kilos de TNT y que estaban planeando un ataque a la policía en la región de Kabardino-Balkaria.